The Myth of Democratic Super Majority.

One of the standard Republican talking points is that the Democrats had a filibuster-proof, super majority for two years between 2008 and 2010. This talking point is usually trotted out when liberals complain that the Republicans filibustered virtually every piece of legislation proposed by Obama or the Democrats over that period of time.

The implication is that Democrats had ample opportunity to pass legislation and that the reason they didn’t pass more legislation doesn’t have anything to do with the Republicans. The Truth is that the Democrats only had a filibuster-proof majority for 24 working days during that period. Here are the details:

To define terms, a Filibuster-Proof Majority or Super Majority is the number of votes required to overcome a filibuster in the Senate. According to current Senate rules, 60 votes are required to overcome a filibuster.

Here is a time-line of the events  after the 2008 election:

1. BALANCE BEFORE THE ELECTION. In 2007 – 2008 the balance in the Senate was 51-49 in favor of the Democrats. On top of that, there was a Republican president who would likely veto any legislation the Republicans didn’t like. Not exactly a super majority.

2. BIG GAIN IN 2008, BUT STILL NO SUPER MAJORITY. Coming out the 2008 election, the Democrats made big gains, but they didn’t immediately get a Super Majority. The Minnesota Senate race required a recount and was not undecided for more than six months. During that time, Norm Coleman was still sitting in the Senate and the Balance 59-41, still not a Super Majority.

3. KENNEDY GRAVELY ILL. Teddy Kennedy casts his last vote in April and leaves Washington for good around the first of May. Technically he could come back to Washington vote on a pressing issue, but in actual fact, he never returns, even to vote on the Sotomayor confirmation. That leaves the balance in the Senate 58-41, two votes away from a super majority.

4. STILL NO SUPER MAJORITY. In July, Al Frankin was finally declared the winner and was sworn in on July 7th, 2009, so the Democrats finally had a Super Majority of 60-40 six and one-half months into the year. However, by this point, Kennedy was unable to return to Washington even to participate in the Health Care debate, so it was only a technical super majority because Kennedy could no longer vote and the Senate does not allow proxies. Now the actual actual balance of voting members is 59-40 not enough to overcome a Republican filibuster.

5. SENATE IS IN RECESS. Even if Kennedy were able to vote, the Senate went into summer recess three weeks later, from August 7th to September 8th.

6. KENNEDY DIES. Six weeks later, on Aug 26, 2009 Teddy Kennedy died, putting the balance at 59-40. Now the Democrats don’t even have technical super majority.

7. FINALLY, A SUPER MAJORITY! Kennedy’s replacement was sworn in on September 25, 2009, finally making the majority 60-40, just enough for a super majority.

8. SENATE ADJOURNS. However the Senate adjourned for the year on October 9th, only providing 11 working days of super majority, from September 25th to October 9th.

8. SCOTT BROWN ELECTED. Scott Brown was elected in November of 2009. The Senate was not in session during November and December of 2009. The Senate was in session for 10 days in January, but Scott Brown was sworn into office on February 4th, so the Democrats only had 13 days of super majority in 2010.

Summary: The Democrats only had 24 days of Super Majority between 2008 and 2010.

Discussion: The Democrats had a super majority for a total of 24 days. On top of that, the period of Super Majority was split into one 11-day period and one 13-day period. Given the glacial pace that business takes place in the Senate, this was way too little time for the Democrats pass any meaningful legislation, let alone get bills through committees and past all the obstructionistic tactics the Republicans were using to block legislation.

Further, these Super Majorities count Joe Lieberman as a Democrat even though he was by this time an Independent. Even though he was Liberal on some legislation, he was very conservative on other issues and opposed many of the key pieces of legislation the Democrats and Obama wanted to pass. For example, he was adamantly opposed to “Single Payer” health care and vowed to support a Republican Filibuster if it ever came to the floor.

Summary:

1. 1/07 – 12/08 –      51-49 – Ordinary Majority.
2. 1/09 – 7/14/09 – 59-41 – Ordinary Majority. (Coleman/Franklin Recount.)
3. 7/09 – 8/09 -      60-40 – Technical Super Majority, but since Kennedy is unable to vote, the Democrats can’t overcome a filibuster
4. 8/09 – 9/09 -      59-40 – Ordinary Majority. (Kennedy dies)
5. 9/09 – 10/09 -   60-40 – Super Majority for 11 working days.
6. 1/10 – 2/10 –  60-40 – Super Majority for 13 working days

Total Time of the Democratic Super Majority: 24 Working days.

http://www.senate.gov/legislative/resources/pdf/2009_calendar.pdf
http://www.senate.gov/legislative/resources/pdf/2010_calendar.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Senate_election_in_Minnesota,_2008
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/111th_United_States_Congress

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10 Comments Post a Comment
  1. Anna M Stumpf says:

    I agree with your premise that the amount of time the president has had a super-majority is much shorter than his critics claim. But you need to get your facts straight. First, Al Franken was sworn in on July 7th, not July 14th. That adds on another 7 days.
    Second, Scott Brown was sworn in on Feb 4th, not in January.
    So the days of super majority go like this:
    July 2009 — 19 days
    Aug 2009 — 5 days (Kennedy was still alive, but really not voting, so don’t know if this should be counted.)
    Sep 2009 — 3 days (Working days after Kirk was sworn in on 9/25)
    Oct 2009 — 7 days total in session in Oct.
    Nov 2009 — 0 days -In recess all month
    Dec 2009 — 0 days – in recess all month
    Jan 2010 — 10 days not in recess
    Feb 2010 – 3 days before swearing in of Scott Brown

    That makes 47 days of effective super-majority, and even then there are certain Senators who are “Democratic” but can’t be counted on to vote with the Democrats, like Liebermann.

    But, if we are going to make arguments of this type, we must have the actually real facts to back it up and not exaggerate, like the Right Wing is doing.
    Here is the Senate calendars for 2009 and 2010
    http://www.senate.gov/legislative/resources/pdf/2009_calendar.pdf
    http://www.senate.gov/legislative/resources/pdf/2010_calendar.pdf

  2. Anna M Stumpf says:

    Typo in above comment — should have said 47 days, not 37. Oops!

  3. elfish says:

    Hi Anna, thanks for the corrections. I’ve edited your post so it says 47 days as you wanted.

    I did a little checking and Kennedy cast his last vote in April, 2009 and left Washington for good sometime around that time. He didn’t participate in the Health Care debate that summer, didn’t vote on Sotomayor’s confirmation on Aug 6th. I doubt he could have voted anytime after about the first of July so that’s probably cuts at least 10 days out of the total.

    I’ll do some more checking when I have time and rework the post to take into account your numbers.

  4. Anna M Stumpf says:

    Thanks elfish. If Kennedy wasn’t able to vote during July and August, then that means that even with Al Franken sworn in, there was not a filibuster-proof majority in the senate during those months. That would take 24 days off the count and bring the actual filibuster-proof days down to 23. The Republicans act like Obama has had 2 YEARS of super majority congress. How can we get the word out to voters about this. I wrote a letter to the Oregonian (where I live) and it was not published because it was not current news. There has got to be a way to counter the lies of the right with actual facts.

  5. elfish says:

    Hi Anna, I’ve finally fixed the dates and times in the article to reflect your numbers. I had different sources for the Senate recess days, but I think your numbers are more accurate so I used your links.

    I not sure how to get the information out. I post this information in various places on the internet, usually on Huffington Post and sometimes it does get passed around to different web pages. I’ve seen one of my posts on Huffington travel to dozens of web pages and forums. You can never predict who will see your posts and how far they may travel on the internet.

    Part of the reason I started this web site was to get this information out. I have lots of other, similar research that I’ve done, but I haven’t had the time to convert it into articles and post it. I’m hoping to more time later this year.

    Thanks very much for your data and input. It was very helpful!!

  6. Mark P. Kessinger says:

    I just stumbled upon this article after searching the web for a good, quick summary of the timeline, in order to refute an assertion of this myth by someone on Facebook. The lie has been resurrected, because Mitt Romney himself has been repeating it.

    Something I would add to your article, though, is the fact that even during the 24 (or 47) days one might count has Democrats having a supermajority, in reality they never had more than 58 seats. Getting to 60 votes required the cooperation of the two Independents, Sanders and Lieberman. While Sanders was a pretty reliable ally of Democrats, Lieberman was nursing a grudge against the party for having been shunned as the Democratic nominee in his home state of Connecticut in favor of a more liberal Democrat, forcing him to run as an independent. Thus, often as not, he was supporting GOP filibusters during that period. So, technically speaking, there never really was a true supermajority.

  7. elfish says:

    Excellent point. Lieberman made it clear he wouldn’t support any sort of single payer plan and would join the Republican filibuster if the Democrats put forward a single payer plan.

  8. dan brunner says:

    Great work. I have used this link a couple of times, and will try to get it out more.

  9. ChrisF says:

    Thanks… found you when googling “what is supermajority in congress” after reading dismaying comments, post-debate… I certainly did not remember any lengthy Dem control during the past 4 years… Will post this on my FB page…

  10. Sara Bell says:

    I’m usually to running a blog and i actually admire your content. The article has really peaks my interest. I’m going to bookmark your website and preserve checking for brand spanking new information.

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